Ruins & Scheduled Monuments

Ruins

Ruins are described as the remains of human-made architecture: structures that were once intact have fallen, as time went by, into a state of partial or total disrepair, due to lack of maintenance or deliberate acts of destruction. Natural disaster, war and depopulation are the most common root causes, with many structures becoming progressively derelict over time due to long-term weathering and scavenging.

There are famous ruins all over the world which are of great importance to historians, archaeologists and anthropologists, whether they were once individual fortifications, places of worship, ancient university, houses and utility buildings, or entire villages, towns and cities. Many ruins have become listed/scheduled in recent years, to identify and preserve them as areas of outstanding value to humanity.

Britain has an exceptionally rich heritage of ruins and monuments and a long tradition of caring for them. Military sites, pithead and dockyard structures, mills and other industrial and agricultural buildings which no longer have a sustainable use can be added to a list which includes medieval abbeys and castles.

Lying on the borderline between architecture and archaeology, such monuments are usually roofless, often stripped bare of woodwork and other more perishable contents by previous owners, vandalism and the depredations of the weather. Picked bare, their skeletal remains can demonstrate construction and development particularly clearly and frequently provide unique information about the past.

Many are picturesque landmarks or spectacular structures in themselves. Some have dramatic historic associations which may encourage speculation and stimulate the imagination in a special way. The encroachment of nature can contribute to their particular attraction and significance by making them specialised natural habitats for rare flora and fauna.

CRL Restoration, with their wealth of experience are able to help you repair, consolidate, or restore your ruins.

Scheduled Monuments

According to Wikipedia, a monument is a type of – usually three-dimensional – structure that was explicitly created to commemorate a person or event, or which has become relevant to a social group as a part of their remembrance of historic times or cultural heritage, due to its artistic, historical, political, technical or architectural importance. Examples of monuments include statues, (war) memorials, historical buildings, archaeological sites, and cultural assets. If there is a public interest in its preservation, a monument can for example be listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site (or in the UK on the Historic England list).

Monument both honours and celebrate our loved ones and the lifetime of memories shared by family and friends. For generations they have offered an enduring testimonial to the lives of our cherished loved ones.

Scheduling of monuments is our oldest form of heritage protection. It began in 1913, although its roots go as far back as the 1882 Ancient Monuments Protection Act, when a ‘Schedule’ (hence the term ‘scheduling’) of almost exclusively prehistoric monuments deserving of state protection was first compiled.

Scheduled monuments are not always ancient, or visible above ground. There are over 200 categories of monuments on the Historic England schedule, and they range from prehistoric standing stones and burial mounds, through to the many types of medieval site – castles, monasteries, abandoned farmsteads and villages – to the more recent results of human activity, such as collieries.

Scheduling is applied only to sites of national importance, and even then only if it is the best means of protection. Only deliberately created structures, features and remains can be scheduled. There are almost 20,000 Scheduled Monuments on Historic England list. Scheduling is reserved for carefully selected sites, which create a representative sample of sites from different epochs.

CRL Restoration would be proud to assist you in restoring and conserving your monuments.